Iceland was the last European country to be settled, mainly by Norsemen and Celts in the 9th and 10th centuries. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with about 3 persons per km2. Almost 78% of the country is uninhabited, especially in the central highland.  The population concentrates on the coast and in the southwest corner of the island. Despite its challenging natural conditions, Iceland's standard of living is one of the highest in the world.

Population

338,349 (January 1, 2017)

 

Language

 Icelandic. Most Icelanders have good knowledge of English

 

Religions

Mainly Lutheran Church, Roman Catholic Church and Free Church

 

Life Expectancy

 Male:     81.0 years old (2015)
 Female: 83.6 years old (2015)